Ruth leads the Europe, Middle East and Africa Public Sector solutions practice at Guy Carpenter, which was established in 2014 as a response to the growing imperative for Governments and public entities to identify and transfer risk to the balance sheet of the private (re)insurance market. She also leads the Marsh McLennan public private partnership solutions for pandemic risks global taskforce. She is a subject matter expert in geopolitical risks. Her work supports governments and public sector entities in developing risk transfer solutions to mitigate against the impacts of emerging and evolving global and national risks and in building resilience. Ruth has been involved in many public sector initiatives across the International region. Previous to joining Guy Carpenter she headed up political and terrorism risk analytics at JLT Specialty and before that she founded and headed up a political risk consultancy, providing risk analytics and risk transfer strategies to companies across all sectors and also worked closely with the Foreign & Commonwealth Office and the Home Office. She holds a MSc in International Relations from London School of Economics.