This article was first published on November 20, 2020.
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Preferences for ready meals are constantly changing in the food market. Indeed, across the world, customers are seeking higher-quality food without having to prepare it themselves from scratch. This has contributed to the popularity of ready-meal takeaways and quick delivery, for which consumers have demonstrated a willingness to pay a premium.
These demand shifts are transforming the supply side of the market, driving cafés and restaurants to adjust their business models. At the same time, this shift opens new horizons for grocers and supermarkets. After all, the ready-meals delivery market can strengthen food retailers’ competitiveness, whilst dark kitchen technology (in which meals are prepared for delivery only, not for sale in cafés or at hot meal counters) may help increase companies’ profits and customer bases.
PEOPLE SEEK NEW EXPERIENCES AND NO LONGER WISH TO COOK
In recent years, one of the hottest international trends in consumer preferences has been the shift from cooking and eating at home, to eating outside and ordering delivery from cafés and restaurants. One reason for the shift — besides an unwillingness to spend time in the kitchen — has been consumers’ desire among the millennial and Generation Z cohort to experience new food combinations and cuisines
Pre-COVID-19, these trends were most prevalent in densely populated countries and cities with business centers, including developed countries and developing Asian markets. In those markets, eating out is not necessarily a leisurely activity: A big share of outside-the-home eating expenditure takes place during workdays, with lunches and dinners eaten near the workplace. People often will go to the nearest café, buy takeaway offers from a stall, order delivery, or simply buy ready-made food from the nearest supermarket, all of which saves time.
Due to the restrictive measures related to the pandemic, people had to give up on eating out, reallocating their expenditures to buying groceries and ready-made takeaway/home-delivery meals. Consequently, eating and cooking at home partially replaced spending on restaurants and cafés. But the broader macro trends remain in place: Rather than physically cook, most people prefer to purchase prepared food, increasing the demand for food delivery. Once the restrictive measures are lifted, some of these habits will remain. We expect to see a recovery in eating out, partially in conjunction with a return to the office.
EAT WHEREVER YOU WANT — THE FOOD DELIVERY MARKET IS BOOMING
Traditionally, spending on cafés and restaurants has made up a significant part of eating out. But the structure of consumer spending on food has changed. Even prior to the pandemic, the online food-delivery market was growing strongly, fueled by both rapid demand growth and the popularization of takeout-delivery platforms. For people in developed countries, it had become routine: For example, more than half the people in the US and UK order food delivery at least once a week. By the end of 2019, the top five markets with the highest user penetration in the online food delivery segment were Singapore (with more than 40 percent penetration level), the Netherlands, Hong Kong, the UK, and Canada.
The pandemic, by restricting eating out at restaurants and cafés and encouraging consumers to switch to the online channel, only accelerated this growth. Demand was seen not only in restaurant-meal delivery, but also in ready-made meals via e-commerce sites, plus semi-prepared meal kits. Satisfying the need of consumers for convenience is the tide that has lifted all boats, leading to more online ready-meal offerings and greater competition.
These trends are expected to remain in place in the long term, shifting customer focus to grocery and food delivery. This is the reason why many large food and delivery services have already adjusted their business strategies to retain and build on the loyalty of current customers, and increase revenue through differentiation and new client acquisition.
CONSUMERS ARE READY TO PAY MORE FOR BETTER OFFERS
Alongside a desire to experience new tastes and food combinations, there’s a growing trend among consumers for premiumization and a better experience, as they become more discerning in terms of quality, service, and choice. The luxury/premium restaurant category has increased its penetration in many developed markets. Rising competition in the food market has allowed suppliers to broaden their offerings, covering even niche markets and satisfying the most exclusive customer needs.
At the same time, consumers have demonstrated a readiness to pay extra for premium offers as well as additional services: recommendations based on previous order history, transparent customer ratings, and hygiene standards regarding each restaurant, all of which became relevant after the COVID-19 pandemic — and will remain relevant.
IT IS TIME FOR RETAILERS TO JOIN THE READY MEALS COMPETITION
The demand for ready meals is growing: Consumers no longer care to cook. Instead, they want to try new tastes and flavor combinations and are willing to pay more for broader choice of options and better offers. At the same time, cafés and delivery services are providing clients with satisfying food offers, which is another major factor in the retail segment, but the importance of its role in the market is often overlooked.
Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, when working from the office was still the norm, office workers considered supermarket ready meals a good alternative to eating lunch at the company canteen, or as a way to buy prepared family dinners alongside other food purchases in the evening. Indeed, customers indicated a high degree of trust in supermarkets’ ready-made food, pointing out its quality and flavor. All these factors created a loyal base of clients, many of whom were inclined to consider ready meals from supermarkets and convenience stores as substitutes for home cooking or café fare.
However, supermarkets’ value proposition usually stops at in-store offers on ready-made food, leaving them vulnerable to the shift of demand to online markets and crises such as the pandemic lockdown. Indeed, around the world, almost no retail players provided meal-delivery service to customers during COVID-19. As such, entering the ready-meals delivery market is an opportunity for food retailers not only to maintain a strong customer base, but also to increase market share.
MAIN TENDENCIES AND SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS STRATEGIES
We have identified some key international trends in the ready-meals market that retailers need to address if they are to succeed:
Cooperation of cafés and restaurants with delivery services
Collaborating with food-delivery services has allowed restaurants and retailers to enter the online market and meet changing consumer preferences efficiently and quickly. A collaborative approach, moreover, leads to greater transparency. Such partnerships have been implemented in most developed countries for many years and have proven mutually beneficial, as well as profitable, to both foodservice companies and food delivery aggregators.
Over the past three to five years, we have seen significant growth among food aggregators. These companies, many of them founded less than a decade ago, have become major players as delivery providers, achieving an international presence, particularly in developed countries. Deliveroo, for example, was created in 2013 but has already expanded into 12 markets across Europe, Asia, and Australia.
Retailers entering the delivery market through partnerships with food aggregators
Food aggregators are partnering not only with restaurants and cafés, but also with large retailers wishing to provide ready-meal delivery services. This trend has been particularly successful and profitable In the US and Europe. Asda, the large British retailer, has collaborated with Just Eat, a pizza and grocery delivery service, since 2018. The British supermarket retailer has seen significant revenue growth in test stores and plans to make the offering more broadly available. Other UK retail players are not far behind. For example, Sainsbury’s and Morrisons started a partnership with the biggest UK aggregator, Deliveroo, in July 2019 and October 2019, respectively, to deliver hot food, pizza, and salads.
In the meal delivery market, the competitive advantage lies in retailers retaining the loyalty of its millions of customers. An extended customer base will help retailers adapt to the new market conditions and achieve instant growth in purchases.
Accelerating expansion of e-commerce
Apart from ready-meal delivery offerings, omni-channel retail and full-fledged online supermarket formats are springing up in many countries, offering goods ordering and delivery services to customers. The UK has always been at the forefront of e-commerce grocery: It has the highest demand density in terms of orders per square meter and achieved more than 7 percent e-grocery penetration by the end of 2019. Other developed markets, though, are catching up. Key US food retail players have upped their e-commerce game over the past few years: Kroger and Walmart, for example, expanded their online-delivery locations coverage, providing same-day delivery from 2,300 and 1,600 stores in 2019, respectively.
Similar trends can be observed elsewhere, with retailers competing over shortest time window for delivery as a value proposition. For example, Chinese Hema already offers a delivery service of ready meals and other groceries in less than 30 minutes, while Russian online supermarket Yandex Lavka, founded in 2019, is committed to delivering goods within 15 to 20 minutes.
The COVID-19 pandemic only reinforced the sustainability of these trends. From March 23 to March 30, the US e-commerce market faced at least a 14 percent increase in sales volume, according to data from the Forter Global Merchant Network.1 A similar increase in e-grocery has been seen in countries that experienced lockdowns.
Adoption of dark kitchen strategies by cafés or retailers
Many cafés and restaurants across the world have adopted the dark kitchen format to enter the food delivery market. The model is attractive not only to existing restaurants and startups, but has also been adopted by many delivery giants across the world, including DoorDash in the US and Swiggy in India. Deliveroo’s deployment of dark kitchens has been among the most bold: It created Deliveroo Editions, a separate branch dedicated to this type of food production and delivery. Deliveroo currently operates 16 dark kitchens around the UK and more than a hundred kitchens in other countries, including Singapore, the UAE, the Netherlands, France, Spain, and Australia.
Some entrepreneurs have sought to establish a dark kitchen chain without a single traditional restaurant, and in doing so often fail to engage enough customers. To achieve stable traffic, strong brand awareness and an initial loyal customer base are necessary. This is why the dark kitchen format may be suited to retailers that already possess a multimillion customer base.
KEY BENEFITS OF DELIVERING READY MEALS FOR RETAILERS
We also looked at the benefits that retailers can expect when entering the ready-meals market:
While ready-meal delivery services from store counters are gaining in popularity in developed countries, they are still less widespread in other geographies, though they hold great promise. The trend toward less cooking and more ordering will continue to strengthen, and once the COVID-19 pandemic is behind us, online ready-meals market will reach an even higher long-term equilibrium. This will lead to greater competition between food retailers and services delivering ready meals from cafés and restaurants. Entering the ready-meals delivery segment is a way for retailers to retain and increase market share. The strategy will help differentiate them from the competition and enable them to engage customers with a better value proposition.